Treating Whiplash

Whiplash injuries most commonly occur following road traffic accidents. However it is possible to suffer from whiplash after a different kind of impact. In fact it is possible to receive whiplash following bungee jumping. The direction of impact does not matter, with impact from the side, front or back resulting in a whiplash injury. Whiplash is an injury effecting the delicate tissues and bone in the neck and back. It specifically affects the neck due to the muscles being weaker in the neck. For this same reason it can affect women more severely as their neck muscles are weaker than males. The injury is extremely common with it occurring in many road traffic accidents, including minor collisions. Whiplash occurs when the head is jerked forwards and then backwards in a rapid motion, stretching the muscles over their normal threshold, these strains are termed hyperextension and hyperflexion.

whiplash treatmentIn order to treat whiplash, the initial thing to take into consideration would be the level of discomfort the sufferer is complaining of. The majority of doctors advocate waiting for no less than one week after the injuries before deciding upon if they should organise physiotherapy, and until that moment may medicate heavily enabling the pain to be managed.

Physiotherapy could involve stretching, massage, moving muscles and limbs both involuntarily and voluntarily. A program of several treatments is commonly given. People experiencing more serious symptoms usually receive far more intense and lengthy treatment sessions. Pain management medicines will normally be prescribed throughout the physiotherapy process.

A lot of Doctors advise physiotherapy in the early phases of whiplash injury and this can be helpful for people who have severe symptoms. Neck injuries can benefit enormously from an early course of physio treatments. Remember that there are a few British insurers who will not pay for physio except when they can control fees and possibly use their own expert treatment specialists.

In extreme circumstances whiplash injury symptoms can be managed with drug treatments such as Valium or Tramadol. A scan might be needed at the hospital to recognize significant boney injuries or soft tissue disc problems. It could be months prior to this being organised but insurers managing your whiplash injury compensation claims may want to pay for the investigations to quicken the recovery process.

It is essential that anybody who is hurt in a car accident looks for appropriate legal advice from a specialist whiplash lawyer. No win No fee solutions are obtainable for such instances. This is when your lawyer or solicitor can take on your claim and not impose a fee if your legal proceeding fails or if recompense can’t be formally agreed.

Whiplash are easily treated nevertheless, you need to move quickly after the injury to be sure you get the greatest possibility of healing completely. Do not take any chances on your health, many injuries could be lasting and debilitating if not treated.

Whiplash injury symptoms don’t need to alter your life nonetheless they definitely ought to be taken seriously by sufferers and the insurance businesses.

Treating Sciatica

Sciatica is pain radiating along the sciatic nerve that branches from the lower back, through the hips and back and ends down the leg. It mostly affects only one side of the body. It occurs when a hemiated bone spur on the spinal cord compresses any part of the nerve causing inflammation, pain and numbness in the affected leg. Sciatic treatment is normally resolved with little conservative aid but when it becomes severe, the victim may be helped by surgery to ease the pressure on the nerve.

sciatic treatmentPlanning to treat sciatica may take the most basic form, physiotherapy. Patients may engage in consistent strengthening, stretching and aerobics. These helps them recover from sciatica well and are less likely to have sciatica pains in the future.

In strengthening the spinal column and the supporting muscles, ligaments and tendons, several exercises may suffice. Here, back exercises may help not only in the lower back but also in the stomach, gluteus and hip muscles. When done together, these strong vital muscles may provide relief for pain because they support the spinal cord and keep it in alignment while at the same time facilitate movements that cause extension or twisting of the spine with less chances of injuries or damaging.

Stretching is also very highly recommended for alleviation of sciatic pain. If you want to treat sciatic pain using stretching, it should be designed to target the muscles that may cause pain when they are tight and inflexible. Perhaps hamstring stretching is the most important stretch in this.

When treating the pains with aerobic exercises, one should always ensure that the aerobics are of low impact. Such cardiovascular exercises such as walking, pool therapy or walking may aid in the recovery of the victim from the agony of sciatica. This encourages the exchange of fluids and nutrients around the body for better healing. Uniquely so, aerobic conditioning is very beneficial for releasing endorphin hormones, the natural pain killers in the body which help to reduce sciatic pain.

The specific sciatica exercises depend on the medical conditions underlying that cause the pain in the areas as well as several other factors such as the level of pain of the patient and the overall conditioning in the situation.

In severe cases of the condition, patients may find the pain very hard to bear with and thus at such levels they may be recommended to sleep for one or two days at most. Sleeping for more than two days may not be really commendable since it may lead tom inactivity which can make the pain worse and lead to reconditioning of the case.

Treating Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow, also known as epicondylitis, is a medical condition that cause severe pain on the outer side of the elbow due to tiny injuries; this result into inflammation n of tendons around the elbow. Acute tennis elbow causes injury to muscles that extend to fingers and wrists.

tennis elbow treatment

Treatment Techniques

  • Gentle mobilization of your elbow and neck joints
  • Stretching your muscles
  • Massage and strengthening
  • Elbow kinesion taping: Helps increase circulation to a relatively nonvascular are and create fascial manipulations that reduce pain immediately.
  • TENS Therapy: Helps relief pain or reduce inflammation temporarily
  • Neural mobilizations: Gentle technique used by physiotherapists to move nerves

Exercises For Tennis Elbow

Wrist Turn

First, you should bend your elbow at a 90 degree angle while holding your hand, palm up. Next you should turn your wrist slowly so that your palm face in a downward manner, hold it for about 5 seconds before releasing it. You should do at least three sets of 10 repetitions

Wrist Turn with Weight

This requires you to repeat wrist turn exercise while holding a light weight like a tin of beans

Wrist Lift

This exercise requires you to first bend your elbow at a right angle, then hold a light weight while your arm face in an upward manner. Next you should bend your wrist slowly towards yourself. You should remain in this position for about 5 seconds and then slowly release. It is advisable that you do 3 sets of 10 repetitions

Elbow Bend

First, you should stand in an upright manner while lowering your arm to one side. Next you should bend your arm slowly upwards so that it touches your shoulder and let it remain in that position for about 15 to 30 seconds. You should repeat this exercise 10 times

A Look At TENS Therapy

TENS Therapy means Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in full. It is a therapy that is intended to relieve pain by use of low voltage electrical energy. It is an alternative to pain killers. This is because it gives greater results compared to pain killers. TENS is frequently used in the treatment of whiplash, joint injuries and spine related pain.

The device used to for TENS therapy is about the size of a pocket ratio. It basically functions by use of two electrodes that are connected to the area that hurts. This is done in order for electrical impulses to travel at regular intervals thus giving the patient pain relief. The theory behind this electric pulses relieving pain is that they stimulate the nerve impulses and block signals of pain to the brain. By doing this, the pain receptors are unable to receive the impulses. As a result, the client feels less pain. It is also a belief that the electrical signals may produce natural pain killers known as endorphins that block feeling of pain. The TENS machine can be set at different wavelengths. This is done by the therapist. Normally, the therapist or doctor will do the TENS for you during the initial visits as you watch. If you wish you can continue the therapy at home until you get healed.

TENS UnitTENS therapy is used for patients suffering from conditions such as osteoarthritis, tendinitis and back and neck pains. Unlike many electrical devices used for therapy, the TENS machine is considered as a safe way to do therapy. There are very low chances of cancer related issues arising from use of TENS machine. However, if used in the wrong way, this machine can cause other problems and prolong the time taken to heal. For this reason, everyone that uses this machine is advised to make sure they know the correct way to use it from their physical therapist. Patients who do not have very serious problems should not use the TENS therapy since it is designed to relieve pain that is not possible to be relieved by use of pain killers. The results that patients get from TENS therapy are astounding. Many patients are said to recover from therapy faster when they are on TENS therapy than those who are not. This is probably because the pain relief is great and makes the therapy easier as compared to those who rely solely on pain killers. With pain killers, the relief is short lived.

What Is Orthopaedic Physiotherapy

Orthopaedic physiotherapy is the practice of repairing and restoring muscular ruptures and sprains and also broken bones and joints. It generally deals with rehabilitation of injury or illness to the musculoskeletal. The physiotherapy is at times performed on patients who undergo surgery such as back surgery, shoulder replacement, peripheral joint injections and hip replacement among many others. The therapy is needed to prevent incidents such as improper healing which can leave you incapacitated and chronic pain which can be quite disturbing to the sufferer.

Before anyone undergoes this treatment procedure, they will have to be assessed, usually in an orthopaedic ward. The assessment is a short procedure, lasting less than if not 30 minutes. It is done to identify any symptoms you may have so that the affected spots can be treated. Some of the things that the therapist may look for during the assessment include strength and tightness of the muscle, your mobility either with or without an aid and your range of movement among other things. Once the assessment is over, the results will be revealed to you and the appropriate treatment method will be discussed with you. In addition to this, the therapist knows that the treatment methods may impact certain aspects of your life so this will be clearly communicated to you so that you can know what to expect when you start the treatment. Whatever impact the treatment plan may have on your life, always remember that the main aim is to restore you mobility, self-sufficiency and the overall quality of your life.

orthopaedic physiotherapyThe treatment that is recommended depends on your needs. Treatment may include progression of mobility in case you are using a walking aid, mobility practice with or without a walking aid, movement exercises, strengthening exercises and transfer practice. Although the appropriate body part will be exercised regularly, care will be taken so that you are not overworked since this may make your situation worse than it was before commencing therapy. There are cases whereby a patient cannot move at all and therapy will require that the patient starts with small movements. In such situations, braces and splints may be used as tools to help the patient regain movement. As improvement is noted, tools such as resistance bands and small weights may be used. The aim of this is to build muscle in the affected area and also enable it to move in a range of motions. When balance and stability are to be achieved, the therapist will usually make use of Swiss balls and underwater exercises.

Pain is common in such therapy but you will not have to stick through it, may be just a little of it. Pain medication will usually be administered to you to reduce the amount of pain you experience during and after therapy. Apart from medication, other remedies are available for the pain. Some of them include hydrotherapy, manipulations, deep tissue massage and electrotherapy. In all these methods, movement of the affected body part is made easier thus reducing the pain felt by the patient.

In most cases, a patient will need to go back for follow-up even after being discharged from the hospital. This is done to monitor your progress and ensure there are no complications.

The Basics Of Physiotherapy

The individual that helps persons that are faced with physical challenges that results from ageing, disability, injury or illness is known as a physiotherapist. The physiotherapy process includes them working with the patient to zone in on the cause of the problem and to implement treatments to improve function and mobility.

The physiotherapist helps to improve the patients body systems. These include the musculoskeletal, respiratory, cardiovascular and neuromuscular systems. After a diagnosis is done. A treatment program is then put together which may include the use of ultrasound and other technological equipment, therapeutics exercise, manual therapy and movement. The patient will also receive advice on how to avoid future injury.

physiotherapy

The physiotherapist can be found in a number of settings. These include sports clubs, health centers, hospitals and private practices. The field of physiotherapy can be broken down into five main categories, pediatric, pulmonary and cardiovascular, orthopedic, neurological and geriatric.

Pediatric physiotherapy involves the detection and treatment of neurological, developmental and muscular problems in children ranging in age from infant to adolescent. These treatments are typically outpatient treatments.

Pulmonary and cardiovascular therapy involve the diagnoses and treatment of persons who have chronic problems with the lungs or heart and who are recovering from cardiac surgery or cardiac arrest. These treatments tend to be carried out in a clinical or hospital setting.

Orthopedic physiotherapy involves the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions and injuries such as those brought on by arthritis, sports injuries, surgical recovery or muscle strain. Depending on the severity of the injury the treatment can either be conducted in a clinical setting or an outpatient setting.

Neurological physiotherapy focuses on treating persons with brain injuries and other disorders linked to the nervous system and the brain. These include stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy and ALS.

Geriatric physiotherapy refers to the treatment of diseases and conditions that manifest as a result of the aging process. These include Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, hip and joint replacement and other balance disorders and cancer. Depending on the severity of the condition, the treatment can be done in a hospital, clinical or outpatient setting. Treatments available include:

Soft Tissue Mobilization

This involves the use of therapeutic massage to help reduce swelling, relieve pain and relax tight muscles.

Cryotherapy (Cold Therapy)

This treatment is ideal for acute injuries helping to reduce swelling and relieve pain. Ice massage and ice pack application are some of the tools used independently or after a deep kneading massage.

Strengthening Exercises

Muscles can become weak for numerous reasons. Strengthening exercises help the patient to recuperate and get back to the highest possible function.

Heat Therapy

This treatment helps to improve the flow of blood in the body, particularly at the injured area which accelerates the healing process. It also helps to alleviate pain and soften tight tissues. The various tools used in heat therapy include diathermy ( electrically induced heat), infrared heat, ultrasound, paraffin wax bath and hot packs.

ROM (Range of Motion) Exercises

This form of physiotherapy is oftentimes used to reduce stiffness and improve and maintain joint flexibility. Some of the ROM exercise isles that physiotherapists can use include AROM (active range of motion) exercises, AAROM (active assist ice range of motion) exercises and PROM (passive range of motion) exercises.

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

This involves the use of a small electrical device that provides temporary pain relief. Electrodes are placed on the affected area and low electrical impulses are used to stimulate the nerves.

Electrical Stimulation

This treatment is particularly beneficial for paralyzed patients. It helps to prevent muscle atrophy and improves muscle strength.

Most importantly the physiotherapist provides the patient and family members with information on the respective conditions. They help persons to learn what the condition really is, how to treat it at home and prevent a recurrence of injury.

Other treatments that physiotherapists use include but are not limited to bandaging, joint rehabilitation after sports injury, balance exercises, postural training, fitting of orthotics and traction. The treatments that physiotherapists offer are used in conjunction with other medical treatments to speed up the recovery process and help with the detection of any other problems that may prevent recovery.

Types of Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy refers to a healthcare profession dedicated to assessing, diagnosing, treating, and working towards the prevention of disabilities and diseases through the use of physical means. It incorporates the use of physiotherapists who help patients overcome movement disorders. Movement disorders may be caused by life-changing events, ageing, accidents, or birth defects. Physiotherapists play a key role in improving the lives of patients by promoting physical activity, optimal mobility, as well as wellness and health; preventing injuries, diseases, and disabilities; taking part in the management of activity limitations and chronic conditions, as well as educating patients on various ways of preventing the reoccurrence of their disorders.

Orthopedic

Orthopedic physiotherapy chiefly focus on the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries and other conditions linked to spot injuries, arthritis, post-operative joints, surgical recovery, amputations or muscle strain. Additionally, it helps people recover from orthopedic surgery in a quick and effective manner. Usually, treatment s carried out in outpatient clinical setting. Various techniques are employed in the orthopedic setting with an aim of speeding up your recovery process. These techniques include but not limited to strength training, electrical stimulation, joint mobilizations, cold packs, and hot packs. If you have suffered from a disease or injury that has affected your tendons, muscles, ligaments, or bones, then you have a high likelihood of benefiting from various assessments extended by a physiotherapist specialized in orthopedics.

Geriatric

Geriatric physiotherapy aims at treating various conditions and diseases that are related to ageing. Such conditions and diseases include but not limited to Alzheimer’s disease, arthritis, balance disorders, joint and hip replacements, incontinence, osteoporosis, and cancer. This kind of treatment can be carried out in nursing homes, hospitals, or even in outpatient settings.

Geriatric physiotherapists ensure and foresee proper development of individualized programs that play immense role in reducing pain, increasing fitness, and in restoration of your mobility. If you want to be an outstanding geriatric physiotherapy, then you need to have excellent motivational and communication skills and be physically fit. In addition, you need organized as well as administer diagnostic tests in the most effective manner. Again, you need to be patient and show proper care to your patients in order to facilitate their quick recovery.

Pediatric

Pediatric physiotherapy play a significant role in detecting, diagnosing, and treating of developmental, muscular, or neurological problems in children, infants, toddlers,. Occasionally it is suitable for adolescents who suffer from disease, disorders, and injuries that affect their bones, muscles, and joints. Treatments involved focus on improving balance and coordination, processing and integration of cognitive and sensory behavior, strength and endurance, as well as skills required in fine and gross motor. Pediatric physiotherapists asses a child bracing and equipment need as well as make use of state-of-the-art therapeutic equipment in order to optimize functional abilities of such a child. They also work in conjunction with the family of the patient with an aim of training them on how to carry out efficient and effective carry-over therapies. Carry over therapies are carried out in the evening after a day’s therapy or once the patient is discharged.